Lukásš Liikavčan .Digital Infrastructures and Militarised Environments
Digital Infrastructures and Militarised Environments

Spaces of Conflict in the (post-)Anthropocene






Militarisation, Habilitation, Cognitive Mapping, Sympoiesis, Digital Platforms


This paper presents the idea of multispecies diplomacy on the background of unstable and violent political geographies of the Anthropocene. The idea is first defined in terms of associated notions of sympoiesis and habilitation. After the preliminary arrangement of the conceptual framework of the paper, the possibilities of multispecies diplomacy are assessed in relation to current militarisation of environment, that prevents any diplomatic solution of climate change and leads to increased environmental injustices worldwide. This is illustrated with an example of conflict in the Negev desert, where changing climate is inherently integrated into the structure of conflict. Secondly, digital infrastructures are identified as an ambiguous factor influencing the outlooks of future practices of multispecies diplomacy. Thanks to their capacity to redesign existing environment, they can act as forces of deterritorialisation that can either stabilise existing hegemonies or lead to subversive appropriation. As far as digital platforms are open to ideological reframing, ecosocialist politics engaging in multispecies diplomacy is encouraged to appropriate them in terms of cognitive mapping and habilitation.

How to Cite

Likavčan, L. (2018). Digital Infrastructures and Militarised Environments: Spaces of Conflict in the (post-)Anthropocene. Cubic Journal, 1(1), 196–209.



Author Biography

Lukáš Likavčan, Masaryk University

Lukáš Likavčan is a doctoral candidate at the Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Masaryk University (Brno, Czech Republic). He studied philosophy at the Department of Philosophy, Masaryk University, and sociology at Boğaziçi University in Istanbul. He had been appointed as a visiting researcher at Department of Socioeconomics, Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien and at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University School of Design. He works within a paradigm of materialist, post-Marxist and post-structuralist philosophy, philosophy of technology, political economy and political ecology. His dissertation project focuses on political and technological imagination of post-work and post-capitalist societies.


Agamben, Giorgio. Homo Sacer, Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998.

Agamben, Giorgio. What Is an Apparatus? Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009.

Art-Act. “What is rising.” Accessed September 6, 2017,

Badiou, Alain. “La question de l’être aujourd’hui.” Court traité d’ontologie transitoire, 25–38. Paris: Éditions de Seuil, 1998,

Bowen, David. Fly tweet. Accessed September 6, 2017.

Bratton, Benjamin. The Stack. On Software and Sovereignty. Cambridge (MA): MIT Press, 2015.

Callon, Michel. “Economic Markets and the Rise of Interactive Agencements: From Prosthetic Agencies to Habilitated Agencies.” In Living in a Material World. Edited by Trevor Pinch and Richard Swedberg, 29–56. Cambridge (MA): MIT Press, 2008.

Deleuze, Gilles. Difference and Repetition. London and New York: Continuum, 1994.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1987.

Descola, Philippe. Beyond Nature and Culture. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Duffield, Mark, “The resilience of the ruins: towards a critique of digital humanitarianism,” Resilience 4, no. 3 (2016): 147–165.

Duffield, Mark. “Total War as Environmental Terror: Linking Liberalism, Resilience, and the Bunker.“ The South Atlantic Quarterly 110, no. 3 (2011): 757–769.

Easterling, Keller. Extrastatecraft: The Power of Infrastructure Space. London: Verso, 2014.

Ek, Richard. “Giorgio Agamben and the spatialities of the camp: an introduction.” Geogr. Ann. B 88, no. 4 (2006): 363–386.

Evans, Brad, and Julian Reid. Resilient Life. The Art of Living Dangerously. Cambridge: Polity, 2014.

Fuchs, Christian. Digital Labour and Karl Marx. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Gane, Nicholas, and Stephen Sale. “Interview with Friedrich Kittler and Mark Hansen. “Theory, Culture, and Society 24, no. 7-8 (2007): 323–329.

Georgescu-Roegen, Nicholas. “Energy and economic myths." South. Econ. Journal 41, no. 3 (1975): 347–381.

Haraway, Donna. Staying with the Trouble: Making Kin in the Chthulucene. Durham: Duke University Press, 2016.

Illich, Ivan. Tools for Conviviality. New York: Fontana/Collins, 1975.

Jameson, Frederic. Postmodernism: Or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham: Duke University Press, 1991.

Kenis, Anneleen, and Matthias Lievens. “Greening the economy or economizing the green Project? When environmental concerns are turned into a means to save the market." Review of Radical Political Economy 47, no. 3 (2015): 1–18.

Keucheyan, Razmig. Nature is a Battlefield. Cambridge: Polity, 2016.

Kolling, Paul. terro0. Online. Accessed September 6, 2017.

Latour, Bruno. An Inquiry into Modes of Existences. Cambridge (MA) and London: Harvard University Press, 2005.

Latour, Bruno. Politics of Nature. Cambridge (MA); London: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Latour, Bruno. Reassembling the social: An introduction to actor-network theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Latour, Bruno. We Have Never Been Modern. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press, 1993.

Likavčan, Lukáš. “Aesthetics, Ecology, and Google AI: A Preliminary Inquiry into Xenorationality.” Notebook for art, theory and related zones 21, (2016): 90–117.

Likavčan, Lukáš and Manuel Scholz-Wäckerle. “Technology appropriation in a de-growing economy.” Journal of Cleaner Production, (2016). doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.134.

Malm, Andreas. Fossil Capital. London: Verso, 2015.

Mehrotra, Rahul, and Felipe Vera. Ephemeral Urbanism: Cities in constant flux. Santiago: Ediciones ARQ, 2016.

Mouffe, Chantal. “Hegemony and ideology in Gramsci.” In Gramsci and Marxist Theory. Edited by Chantal Mouffe, 168–204. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979.

Moore, Jason W. Capitalism in the Web of Life. London: Verso, 2015.

Pasquinelli, Matteo. “The Automaton of the Anthropocene: On Carbosilicon Machines and Cyberfossil Capital." South Atlantic Quarterly 116, no. 2 (2017): 311–326.

Srnicek, Nick. “Navigating Neoliberalism: Political Aesthetics in an Age of Crisis.” Paper presented at The Matter of Contradiction: Ungrounding the Object, Vassivière, France, (8–9 September, 2012).

Srnicek, Nick. Platform Capitalism. Cambridge (MA): Polity, 2016.

Sun, Tzu. The Art of War. Pax Librorum, 2009.

Viveiros de Castro, Eduardo. Cannibal Metaphysics. Minneapolis: Univocal, 2014.

Weizman, Eyal. Erasure. The Conflict Shoreline. Göttingen: Steidl, 2014.